People often get confused between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. While both types of diabetes causes your blood sugar levels to shoot up than normal ranges but the way they do it is different. If you are wondering how these two conditions are different, here’re a few facts about Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes:
What are Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is caused when your body completely lacks insulin and cannot produce it and Type 2 diabetes is when your body either has too little insulin or cannot use the insulin it has.
Type 1 diabetes was also known as juvenile-onset diabetes. In this condition, your immune system destroys the cells responsible for insulin production, thus your body cannot produce insulin. Without insulin, your body cannot absorb sugar which is essential for providing energy to the cells.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes that people suffer from. You can develop Type 2 diabetes at any age. In this condition, your body has developed insulin resistance. In other words, it cannot use the insulin that’s produced in your system.
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes: Facts
1. The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are usually visible in childhood. Type 1 diabetes is rare. Only 5% people have this type of diabetes.
2. Although it’s still not known what exactly causes Type 1 diabetes, your genes certainly play a big role in getting you this condition. You may get Type 1 diabetes along with other autoimmune conditions such as vitiligo.
3. The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are very subtle. You may feel excessive thirst and your appetite may increase. Other symptoms include fatigue, blurred vision, dry mouth, frequent skin infection, vomiting, and nausea.
4. Certain risk factors increase your chances of getting Type 2 diabetes. For instance, people who are over 45 years are prone to develop this condition. If you have a family history of diabetes then you are at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Also, people of a certain ethnicity are at greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. This includes Asian-American, African-American, Native American, Pacific Islander-American, Alaska Natives, and people of Hispanic origin.
5. Having certain health conditions such as high blood pressure, obesity, high triglycerides, heart conditions, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), depression, and gestational diabetes increases your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle hazards such as stress, smoking, too little exercise and sleep can also trigger this condition.
6. Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes often get unnoticed as they are very subtle. The signs include excessive thirst, wounds that won’t heal easily, recurring yeast infections, excess urination; a tingling and numb feeling in your feet and hands, and fatigue.
Consult a doctor immediately if you experience these symptoms.
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